This week’s host, Sofia, challenges us to “look back.” She writes, “Can we remember a time of no mobile phones, or cassettes or floppy disks? Can we imagine a time when the way we represented things, anything, was limited to the knowledge available? This challenge is about time, how things evolve. How we changed in our way of seeing and representing them.” You can read her original post here.
For my challenge response, I decided to take a look back at the history of photography and I created a set of simulated images from digital photographs that represent how photographic printing evolved. The images are reworked from my gallery captured over the years, but the post-processing is designed to emulate photographic prints of an earlier time.
I used the Library of Congress website to provide me with the resources to learn about the earliest techniques, and I tried as best as I could, to simulate the sample images as provided in their examples. For example, the Daguerreotype was probably the earliest type of photographic print. The prints were on copper plates covered with a surface coating of iodine vapors to make the copper sensitive to light. You can find a complete description of the processes for these early photo types here.
Please note that computer screens aren’t really conducive to replicating the exact appearance of these early media. Allow me that artistic license to provide how I think they would appear if they were modern photographs of the existing prints.
The earliest paper prints, salted paper prints were used about the same time period as the Daguerreotype, this medium usually provided a brown or sepia-toned image. The image appears to be inside the paper, not resting on the surface. It’s hard to see details from the screen of this blog page. Click on any of these images to see them in 2K HD on my Flickr site. You can then click again on the image to see the detail like the paper texture that I applied to this photo when I recreated it.
The list of media for printing is much larger than I sampled here. I assume no one wants to view a dozen different examples of early printing techniques. I picked the three samples above as they were the types I remember from my photography classes in high school.
Cyanotypes use iron salts instead of silver to create a light-sensitive surface on the paper. The iron salts produce the blue color in the image. The medium was often used for proofs rather than final prints. I created this simulation by simply converting the image to black-and-white in Luminar Neo and shifting the tone of the highlights to a blue tint.
In photography class (1967-69 for me), our class used mostly Plus-X Pan from Kodak. This film generated a negative, and its fine grain made it ideal for studio work. Its ISO 125 rating meant it didn’t need super bright lighting in the studio. I made plenty of enlarged prints from the negatives in my photography class. This film was available until 2011.
What I enjoyed using more for its high speed was Tri-X Pan. The ISO 400 rating made it a great choice for low-light photography. Its higher grain was a noticeable distraction, but I loved loading the roll film into a developing container while my hands were in darkroom bags. I knew them as changing bags back in the day. The simulation above is a scan of an image captured on color film in 2001. I used Silver Efex 3 from DxO software to convert it to black and white. The software has a Tri-X preset that I applied to the image to give it that grainy Tri-X appearance.
In 2001, I took a trip to Washington state and took along my 35mm film camera, a Nikon (though I must say now, I don’t remember the model.) I found the prints and scanned this one for use as an example of a Kodachrome slide film, (if memory serves). I had the slides converted to prints at the time.
In high school, I used Kodacolor for prints and Ektachrome for slides. Slide photography was my favorite color medium. For a time, I developed and enlarged Kodacolor prints in my home darkroom as a teenager, but the chemical process was too technical for me and I often didn’t like the results. Ektachrome, however, was easy to develop and mount into slide frames.
The E6 process was much simpler than the C-22 process used for Kodacolor. I love the bright colors of Ektachrome, especially the warmer tones. To simulate the images I remember, I found this recent shot taken in London last year. I basically enhanced the Vibrance to simulate the bright colors. As a photography nerd, I often thought that Paul Simon’s song, “Kodachrome” should have been called “Ektachrome” as he says “for those nice, bright colors,” but then, no one else would have known what it was about.
Those iconic red phone booths are still around London, many non-functional. There are a few, however, that still have operating phones like this one near Kensington Gardens, but now, you can ride up to them on rented electric bikes and use a credit card to make a call from the phone in the booth.
These days, photos aren’t printed as much anymore, and we even have many more ways they can be printed. It’s no big deal to upload a digital image to a photo printing site and get anything from an 8×10 print to large frameless canvas. Prints on metal are also quite popular, and I find them to be my favorite printing medium for the very few images that I decide to print.
Thanks, Sofia, for an interesting challenge topic. I’ve enjoyed viewing everyone’s “look-backs” and taking the time to do a little extra photo processing to create my own post. Next week, Anne leads the Lens-Artists in another challenge. If you’d like to join in but aren’t sure how to participate, you can find the details here.